Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
or COPD is a progressive disease that
makes it hard to breathe.
cause coughing the produces large amounts of mucus, wheezing, chest tightness,
shortness of breath and other symptoms.
cigarette is the leading cause of COPD. Most people who have COPD are or were
smokers. Long term exposure to other lung irritants such as dust, air pollution
and chemical fumes may also contribute to COPD.
there is less air flow going in and out of the airways for the following
and air sacs lose their elastic quality.
between the air sacs are destroyed.
of the airways become thick and inflamed.
make more mucus than usual, which can cause clogging.
United Stated, COPD includes two main conditions: Emphysema and Chronic
Emphysema, the wall in the air sacs are damaged which causes the air sacs to
lose their shape and become floppy. This damage can also destroy the walls of
the air sacs leading to fewer and larger sacs. If this happens, the amount of
gas exchange in the lungs in reduced.
Bronchitis, the lining if the airway is constantly irritated and inflamed which
causes the linings to thicken. Lots of thick mucus form in the airways, making
it hard to breathe.
relax the muscles around the airways. This helps open up the airways and makes
breathing easier. Most of them are taken using an inhaler. An inhaler allows
the medicine to go straight to your lungs.
Bronchodilators plus Inhaled Glucocorticoids (Steroids)
help reduce airway inflammation.
rehabilitation is a broad program that helps improve the well-being of people
who have chronic breathing problems.
suffer from severe COPD and low levels of 02 in your blood, oxygen therapy can
help you breath better with surgery.
used as a last resource if severe symptoms of COPD have not improved from
taking medication. Lung transplant can improve your lung function and quality
of life. However, lung transplants have many risks such as infections.
may lead to dead if the body rejects the transplant.